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Ligament Reconstruction Singapore

What is an ACL Tear?

The anterior cruciate ligament, or ACL, is one of the most commonly injured ligaments of the knee, especially in sports such as basketball and football. The ACL stabilizes the knee for cutting, twisting, jumping, and pivoting. The anterior cruciate ligament is in the centre of the knee joint.

When you tear an ACL, you often feel or hear a pop. You will also feel the knee shift out of place and develop significant swelling in just a few hours. The initial treatment should consist of ice to the knee, leg elevation and crutches. Next, a sports physician, orthopaedic surgeon or physiotherapist in Singapore should evaluate the injury.

Surgical ligament reconstruction may be indicated if the ACL has been torn, as the ligament rarely heals by itself. In this type of surgery, the most common procedure in Singapore is to take either the hamstring tendons or the patellar tendon of the same leg and place it in the original location of the injured ACL.

After proper rehabilitation for complete ligament reconstruction following ACL reconstruction surgery in Singapore, the athlete can return safely to active participation in four to six months.

Ligament Reconstruction Singapore
Notice How “Loose” The Knee Is. (This Is Called The Lachman’s Test)
Ligament Reconstruction Singapore
Torn Acl During Knee Arthroscopy.

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Symptoms

An acute anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears of the knee commonly cause a combination of the following symptoms in the patient –

Initial Sharp Pain – Unlike knee problems that develop gradually, like osteoarthritis, an ACL rupture has a quick start and is virtually always caused by a specific accident or event.

Swelling After Injury – Swelling happens regularly right away following an accident. Swelling may appear in certain situations up to 24 hours later. Swelling might persist for up to a week.

Knee Giving Out – Walking downstairs and turning on one leg are two movements that can put stress on the knee joint and make injured knee instability more obvious.

Deep, Aching Knee Pain – The discomfort could be severe when moving or going up or down stairs. The torn ligament could limit your mobility.

Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction causes and Risk Factors

ACL ligament can be injured in several ways –

  • Swift direction change
  • stopping abruptly
  • reducing speed when running
  • landing wrongly after a jump
  • Direct impact or contact, as a football tackle

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Diagnosis

Your doctor will ask you about your symptoms and health history on your initial visit. A doctor will physically examine your knee injury, assessing all its structural components and comparing them to your uninjured knee. A comprehensive physical examination of the knee can identify most ligament problems.

Additional exams that might assist your doctor in confirming your diagnosis include:
X-rays can determine whether a fractured bone is involved in the injury. ACL images produced by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans are more accurate.

What happens during an ACL Reconstruction Surgery in Singapore?

Before the ACL reconstruction surgery, a general anaesthetic is given. You’ll be asleep the entire time because of this. The surgeon will then remove the injured ligament tear. This is done by making a few tiny incisions around the knee, typically two or three.

The ligament will subsequently be replaced with a tendon ACL graft, often taken from another area of your knee. Following this, steri-strips can be used to cover the incisions. You can go home the same day following the ACL reconstruction procedure, which can last up to two hours.

The Recovery Process after an ACL Reconstruction Surgery?

Depending on the degree of competition and the kind of exercise, it typically takes a patient six to nine months to return to sports following an ACL reconstruction surgery.

Patients can walk on the day of surgery using crutches and a leg brace. Shortly after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction surgery, the patient joins a rehabilitation programme to help regain knee stability and range of motion.

  • Early on during the healing process, strengthening and range-of-motion activities are started.
  • Exercises for running start at around four months.
  • Beginning pivoting exercises occurs about five months.
  • Sports competitions can resume as soon as six months after the injury.


Medication can effectively treat the varying levels of pain connected with ACL recovery. Additionally, recovery times vary from patient to patient. Restoring muscular strength, range of motion, and knee joint proprioception is used to assess when a patient has fully healed.

Compared to open surgery, which was the traditional anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction method, arthroscopic surgical procedures have sped up and simplified the recuperation process.

But to have a successful outcome, the patient must undergo a period of rehabilitation under the close supervision of a qualified physical therapist and schedule follow-up sessions with the surgeon.

When is an ACL Reconstruction Surgery Necessary?

The degree of knee instability and damage caused by the symptoms and discomfort experienced with an ACL injury will vary from patient to patient. The knee swelling and soreness could eventually go down without adequate care, but you might still feel unsteady and buckle when walking. Physical therapy and rehabilitation can be used to repair the majority of partial ACL injuries.

To recover your knee’s entire range of motion, you could consider surgery in the event of complete tears. ACL repair may also be advised if the unstable knee causes other joint issues or if one sustains further injuries due to repeated periods of instability.

Therefore, an ACL reconstruction surgery should be considered over non-surgical treatments when a patient has a completely torn ACL and is displaying functional instability to the point where it interferes with their daily activities. This is done to reduce the risk of sustaining any other secondary knee damage.

FAQs About ACL Reconstruction

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While repeated strain injuries, whether in amateur or professional sports, are prevalent, an ACL rupture is a more severe issue that can leave a person disabled for months. A quick stop, a direct hit against another player, or an uncomfortable landing following a jump for something high up, such as a ball, are the common causes. Rapid changes in direction can also cause significant stress on the ligament when the ACL is twisted or stretched too much.


Injuries of this kind are frequent in contact sports like football, soccer, and basketball, as well as in leisure pursuits like skiing. In addition, it might be challenging for the ACL to repair naturally after an ACL tear.

You can take a few steps to prevent damage to an ACL tear. Starting with stretches, you can significantly reduce the chance of ACL tear by warming up and preparing your muscles for usage.


You may focus on strengthening your quadriceps muscles to prevent your knees from buckling during this period. Exercises for maintaining balance while standing on one leg will also assist.


When playing sports, you can also consider wearing a suitable brace. For example, the proper brace can prevent pressure from applying to your knee when running or leaping. Finally, keeping proper foot alignment requires wearing the right shoes.

Both an ACL rupture and an ACL sprain affect the knee's anterior cruciate ligament. They may result in discomfort, swelling, stiffness, instability, and trouble moving or walking.

The degree of damage determines whether an ACL is torn or sprained. An ACL strain is the straining or tearing of a few ligament fibres, whereas an ACL tear is a complete rupture of the ligament.


It will be advised to get an ACL reconstruction to prevent ongoing issues.

An essential thing to remember is to seek urgent medical assistance if you think either kind of damage has happened so that an ACL surgeon in Singapore who specializes in treating orthopaedic injuries can assess the entire degree of your issue.

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