Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injuries
The anterior cruciate ligament or ACL is one of the most common injured ligaments of the knee, especially in sports such as basketball and football. The ACL stabilizes the knee for cutting, twisting and jumping and pivoting activity. The anterior cruciate ligament is in the centre of the knee joint.
When you tear an ACL, you will often feel or hear a pop. You will also feel the knee shift out of place and develop significant swelling in just a few hours. The initial treatment should consist of ice to the knee, leg elevation and crutches. A sports physician, orthopaedic surgeon or physiotherapist in Singapore should evaluate the injury.
If the ACL has been torn, surgical ligament reconstruction of the ligament may be indicated, as the ligament rarely heals by itself. In this type of surgery, the most common procedure in Singapore is to take either the hamstring tendons or the patellar tendon of the same leg and place it in the original location of the injured ACL. After a period of proper rehabilitation for complete ligament reconstruction following surgery in Singapore, the athlete can return safely to active participation in four to six months.
Posterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries
The posterior cruciate ligament is in the back of the knee. As a rule of thumb, it is usually not as disabling as ACL injuries. Most PCL injuries can be treated with physiotherapy except for very severe tears. Uncommonly, PCL tears can be associated with tears of the structures on the lateral (outside) of the knee. This is known as a Posterolateral Complex injury (PLC).